Germany Population 2013
The current estimate for the population of the Federal Republic of Germany is 80.399 million people, which is a decrease of about 1.7% from the last record of the population. The population of Germany historically has been greater than the population of both France and the United Kingdom. In fact, the country is considered to be the most populous country in the European Union. Based on the total land area and the total population of the country, the population density of France is about 583 people per square mile.
Demographics of Germany
The largest ethnic group in the Federal Republic of Germany is the native German group, which makes up about 92% of the population. The next largest group is the Turks, which make up about 2.4% of the population. The remainder of the population is made up of Greeks, Poles, Russians, Spaniards, Serbo-Croatians, and Italians. The official language of the country is German. German is one of the 23 official languages in the European Union. There are many minority languages that are also recognized by the government.
Geography and Climate of Germany
Germany is in Western and Central Europe, with Denmark bordering to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France and Luxembourg to the southwest, and Belgium and the Netherlands to the northwest. The territory covers 357,021 km2 (137,847 sq mi), consisting of 349,223 km2 (134,836 sq mi) of land and 7,798 km2 (3,011 sq mi) of water. It is the seventh largest country by area in Europe and the 62nd largest in the world.
Germany’s climate is moderate and has generally no longer periods of cold or hot weather. Northwestern and coastal Germany have a maritime influenced climate which is characterized by warm summers and mild cloudy winters. Most areas on the country’s North Sea coast have midwinter temperatures about 1.5°C or even higher. Farther inland, the climate is continental, marked by greater seasonal variations in temperature, with warmer summers and colder winters. Temperature extremes between night and day and summer and winter are considerably less in the north than in the south. During January, the coldest month, the average temperature is about 1.5°C in the north and about -2°C in the south. In July, the warmest month, it is cooler in the north than in the south. The northern coastal region has July temperatures averaging between 16°C and 18°C; at some locations in the south, the average is almost 20°C or even slightly higher.
Religion in Germany
The largest religious group in the Federal Republic of Germany is Christianity, making up about 65% of the population. Of this Christian population, there is an equal amount of Lutherans, Calvinists, and Catholics. However, the population is mainly based on location. Also, there are minority groups of Judaism and Islam found throughout the country.
Sports in Germany
The two most popular sports in the Federal Republic of Germany are soccer and tennis. The German National team has been very successful in many World Cups, especially recently. Other popular sports include volleyball, basketball, and field hockey. The Germans have frequently participated in the Olympic games and have proven to be very successful at the events.
Germany’s Population Demographic Challenge
Historical Population of Germany
The population of the Federal Republic of Germany has gone through many different stages of growth throughout the last half of a century. The population has gone through periods of oscillating growth, increasing at points and then decreasing and then increasing and decreasing again. Currently, the population is on the decreasing stage.
Projected Population of Germany
The population of the Federal Republic of Germany is expected to continue the decreasing trend that it has exhibited over the last few years. The birth rates of the country are quite low, especially compared to the death rates. The birth rates will only range from about 8.7 births per 1000 people to about 9.8 births per 1000 people. In contrast, the death rates will range from about 11.6 deaths per 1000 people to about 15.8 deaths per 1000 people. However, the net migration rates throughout the next 37 years will remain positive. Nonetheless, the population will still have a negative growth.
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